26-30 June 2023
Centro Congressi Federico II
Europe/Rome timezone

Resolving the BLR with VLTI/GRAVITY

27 Jun 2023, 10:00
Aula Magna (Centro Congressi Federico II)

Aula Magna

Centro Congressi Federico II

Via Partenope, 36, Napoli, Italy
Contributed talk Emission Line variability


Daryl Joe Santos (MPE)


With VLTI/GRAVITY and near-infrared (NIR) interferometry, we can directly spatially resolve the broad-line region (BLR) to probe its physics and derive supermassive black hole (SMBH) masses via dynamical modelling. This method provides an independent test of the assumptions of reverberation mapping (RM), which has been the main method used so far to study the small scales associated with the BLR. In this talk, I will present our study of 7 type 1 AGNs observed with VLTI/GRAVITY. All of our studied BLRs can be well described by a thick, rotating disk of clouds. For each individual AGN, though, we can trace substructure and non-circular motions. For Mrk 509 and PDS 456 in particular, we find evidence for significant outflows. Interestingly, we find significant spatial offsets between average photocenters of the hot dust continuum and the BLR (ranging from $\sim$17$\mu$as to 140$\mu$as), which seem to follow a tight relationship with the AGN luminosity. I will discuss our interpretation of this relation, together with the implications of our results with RM, the physics of the BLR, and scaling relations such as the radius-luminosity (R-L) and black hole mass – stellar velocity dispersion ($M_{\rm BH}$ - $\sigma_*$) relations.

Primary authors

Presentation Materials

Your browser is out of date!

Update your browser to view this website correctly. Update my browser now